Laphroaig distillery

Islay Single Malt Scotch Whisky

Unusually for a distillery of this size Laphroaig has retained its own floor maltings which still account for 20% of its requirements. They have been retained specifically because it is believed that the Laphroaig kiln produces a more creosote-like phenolic character than the malt the distillery receives from the Port Ellen maltings. Certainly, a tarry iodine note is one of the signatures of the spirit.

The odd number of stills includes a spirit still which is double the size of its neighbours. As this produces a different character new make it is always blended in with those from the smaller ones.

A very long fore shot run means there are less estery notes in the new make, while a deeper cut means that heavier phenolics are captured compared to Ardbeg and Lagavulin. Its distinct sweet note therefore comes from the preferred cask type used – ex-Bourbon barrels. These, the distillery says, became the norm at Laphroaig post-Prohibition when Ian Hunter began travelling to the US. The effect of this type of oak is showcased in the Quarter Cask release where a vatting of younger Laphroaigs is finished in small casks. Some Sherry casks are in the inventory and are mostly used for longer-term maturation. 

  • Region
    Islay
  • Production type
    Single malt
  • Distillery Status
    Working

Laphroaig History

The reason so many existing Islay distilleries came into being before the ‘official’ 1824 start date is down to the influence of Islay’s laird, Walker Frederick Campbell. Islay was less brutally cleared than other islands and as an ‘improving’ landlord Campbell was keen to start new businesses on the island. Islay already had a reputation for moonshine, so legal distilling made sense. The fact that Campbell was also actively involved meant that it was harder to continue with illicit activities.

So, in 1815, brothers Alexander and Donald Johnston built a distillery at Laphroaig. Donald, who ran the distillery, tragically died in 1847 after falling into a vat of boiling pot ale. Laphroaig however remained in the control of D. Johnston & Co. until the 1960s.

Its rise to fame began at the start of the 20th century with the arrival of Donald's great-grandson, Ian Hunter. It was he who, in 1908, changed agent from Peter Mackie and prompted the building of Malt Mill. By the 1920s Laphroaig was being sold as a single malt and in 1924, the number of stills were increased to four. On his death in 1954 he left the distillery to his secretary Bessie Williamson who had been the de-facto manager during his extensive international sales trips.

American distiller, Schenley, bought into the distillery in the 1960s, buying it outright in 1967. By the time Bessie retired in 1972, the number of stills had been increased to seven. A period of passing through various hands and amalgamations ended when Jim Beam purchased it from Allied Distillers in 2005. In the intervening period Prince Charles had awarded his favourite single malt his own Royal Warrant. In the same year, 1994, the Friends of Laphroaig was launched, the first of the modern ‘member’s associations’ phenomenon – there are currently 638,000 members. In a creative piece of marketing – initiated by legendary manager Iain Henderson – Friends were given a square foot of Islay which they leased back to the distillery in exchange for a year’s ‘rent’ of a miniature of Laphroaig which could only be claimed by visiting the distillery.

Beam’s takeover by Suntory in 2014 has resulted in the Japanese-American giant now owning two of Islay’s eight distilleries.

Timeline

  • 1815 Alexander and Donald Johnston build Laphroaig on Islay
  • 1836 Donald buys out Alexander and assumes control
  • 1837 James and Andrew Gardner found Ardenistiel distillery near Laphroaig
  • 1847 Donald Johnston is killed in an accident at Laphroaig; Walter Graham, manager at nearby Lagavulin, steps in to run the distillery
  • 1857 Donald Johnston's son, Dugald, takes over operation of Laphroaig
  • 1860s Ardenistiel distillery merges with Laphroaig
  • 1877 After his death Dugald's sister, Isabella, takes over operation of Laphroaig with her husband Alexander Johnston
  • 1924 Laphroaig's two stills are increased to four
  • 1927 Ian Hunter, Alexander Johnston's nephew, assumes control of Laphroaig
  • 1928 Isabella Johnston dies and Hunter becomes sole owner
  • 1954 Hunter passes away and the distillery is run by his former PA and secretary, Elisabeth 'Bessie' Williamson
  • 1967 Seager Evans & Company, owned by Schenley, buys Laphroaig and increases the stills to five
  • 1972 Williamson retires and the number of stills are increased again to seven
  • 1975 English brewer Whitbread buys Seager Evans
  • 1989 Whitbread's spirits division is sold to Allied Distillers
  • 1994 HRH Prince Charles grants his Royal Warrant to Laphroaig; Friends of Laphroaig is founded
  • 2004 Laphroaig Quarter Cask is released
  • 2005 Laphroaig moves under the ownership of Fortune Brands (Jim Beam)
  • 2008 Laphroaig Cairdeas is introduced, as is Triple Wood
  • 2013 Laphroaig QA Cask, An Cuan Mor and 25 Year Old are released
  • 2014 Owner Beam Global is bought out by Japanese group Suntory

Laphroaig Facts

  • Capacity (mlpa) i
    3.4
  • Condenser Type i
    Vertical multipass copper tubed condensers
  • Fermentation Time i
    Minimum 55hrs
  • Filling Strength i
    63.5%
  • Grist Weight (t) i
    5.5
  • Heat Source i
    Oil-fired boiler
  • Malt Specification i
    Phenols minimum 35ppm
  • Malt Supplier i
    Laphroaig Distillery/Diageo Port Ellen/Crisp Port Gordon & Alloa
  • Mash Tun Type i
    Lauter
  • New-make Phenol Level i
    18ppm
  • New-make Strength i
    68.5%
  • Single Malt Percentage i
    60%
  • Spirit Still Charge (l) i
    4,900
  • Spirit Still Shape i
    Onion
  • Spirit Still Size (l) i
    4,900
  • Stills i
    7
  • Warehousing i
    On Islay for single malt
  • Wash Still Charge (l) i
    10,500
  • Wash Still Shape i
    Onion
  • Washback Charge (l) i
    10,500
  • Washback Size (l) i
    52,000
  • Washback Type i
    Stainless steel
  • Water Source i
    The Kilbride reservoir
  • Wort Clarity i
    Clear
  • Yeast Type i
    Mauri liquide yeast

Owners

Parent company

Current owner

Previous owners

  • Beam 2006 - 2014
  • Allied Domecq 1994 - 2006
  • Allied Lyons 1989 - 1994
  • Whitbread & Co 1975 - 1989
  • Schenley Industries 1962 - 1975
  • Bessie Williamson 1954 - 1962
  • The Johnston Family 1815 - 1954

Contact

Address
Laphroaig Distillery
Port Ellen
Isle of Islay
Argyll
PA42 7DU
United Kingdom
Website
Visit Website
Phone
+44 1496 302418
Visitor Opening Hours
Monday
9.45am to 4.30pm (Nov-Feb), 5pm (Mar-Oct)
Tuesday
9.45am to 4.30pm (Nov-Feb), 5pm (Mar-Oct)
Wednesday
9.45am to 4.30pm (Nov-Feb), 5pm (Mar-Oct)
Thursday
9.45am to 4.30pm (Nov-Feb), 5pm (Mar-Oct)
Friday
9.45am to 4.30pm (Nov-Feb), 5pm (Mar-Oct)
Saturday
9.45am to 4.30pm (Nov-Feb), 5pm (Mar-Oct)
Sunday
9.45am to 4.30pm (Nov-Feb), 5pm (Mar-Oct)

Map

See also

  • Lagavulin Lagavulin Lagavulin Distillery & brand

    Lagavulin

    Diageo's Islay distillery produces a smoky, coastal malt, and was once home to the famed Malt Mill.

  • Ardbeg Ardbeg Ardbeg Distillery & brand

    Ardbeg

    Ardbeg is one of Islay's sweetest malts.

  • Bowmore Bowmore Bowmore Distillery & brand

    Bowmore

    A medium-peated Islay whisky.

  • Bunnahabhain Bunnahabhain Bunnahabhain Distillery & brand

    Bunnahabhain

    A substantial Victorian distillery.

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